Translate To All Languages

The war in Tigray: the makings of a man-made famine, and what can be done ( www.EweGhana.Net )

The war in Tigray: the makings of a man-made famine, and what can be done ( www.EweGhana.Net ) There's famine now in Tigray.” That 10 Ju...


The war in Tigray: the makings of a man-made famine, and what can be done ( www.EweGhana.Net )
The war in Tigray: the makings of a man-made famine, and what can be done ( www.EweGhana.Net )

There's famine now in Tigray.” That 10 June 2021 declaration by the UN's most senior humanitarian official was the clearest indication yet that embattled Tigray faced a severe food emergency. Close to five million Tigrayans were subsequently placed under watch for what constitutes emergency level conditions.


The affected population now falls under emergency (phase four) and famine (phase five) of the Famine Early Warning System Network classification . A famine is declared when households have an extreme lack of food even after they've used all available coping strategies. It's when starvation, death, destitution, and extremely critical acute malnutrition levels are evident.

The purposes of this article are threefold. First, I provide a brief insight into the food security situation in Tigray. For this I rely on recent reports from the World Peace Foundation and the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs . Given that the Ethiopian government has imposed complete communication blackout in Tigray, these reports serve as benchmarks for evaluating the true magnitude of the humanitarian crisis.

Second, I reflect on gains made on mostly public led land rehabilitation and restoration efforts to place the current scale of destruction into perspective. And address the long-term consequences of the looming famine on land use and ecosystems in Tigray.

Lastly, I look at recommendations from the World Peace Foundation to help avert the impending humanitarian crisis.

Man-made famines
Research into the global history of famines highlights dual causality. Famines occur as a consequence of natural disasters, such as droughts . They can also be man-made, such as through armed conflict .

Man-made famine accounts for nearly all documented cases of famine since the late 1960s. Research shows famines triggered by natural disasters have seen a sharp decline in recent times. The few exceptions in which natural and man-made causes were both to blame include the famine that devastated Tigray and environs during the early 1980s.

More often than not, man-made famines involve human agents wreaking havoc on the processes of food production. This includes intentional destruction of crops and seeds, agricultural equipment and supplies, such as fertilisers. Human agency can also induce market collapse and restrict exchange of produce between farmers and consumers. However, such acts are not isolated but usually occur within the context of a deeper strategy of the political-military organs to use starvation as a means of war. This has been the case in Tigray.

The population of Tigray, nearly 80% of which depends on subsistence farming, is intentionally being made to starve for the second time in 40 years as a means to win a war.

By early August it was estimated that 4.5 million people in Tigray were in need of emergency food aid. Multiple pieces of evidence suggest that Ethiopian and Eritrean soldiers and forces from the neighbouring Amhara region have engaged in the collective destruction of farming equipment and assets. They have also stolen crops and livestock, and engaged in activities to stop farmers from harvesting or ploughing farm lands.

These actions will have long lasting consequences.

Land rehabilitation and restoration
Archaeological records show intensive agricultural activities in the Tigray region since at least 3,000 years ago . Centuries of continuous exploitation of land to meet food production needs, coupled with a clear drying trend in the region over the past 2,500 years, are thought to have led to large-scale land degradation in Tigray.

Earlier estimates put the size of degraded land in Tigray at 50%. Land degradation refers to the consistent loss of productive capacity of the soils. In Tigray, land degradation along with frequently failing rains has led to recurrent food insecurity. In many cases this has led to famine or near-famine conditions.

During the last three decades, following the end of the civil war of the 1970s and 1980s, largely public-led land restoration programmes were given due policy attention and implemented at a scale to tackle land degradation. These were supported by well-planned and well-executed safety net programmes.

Research shows that these interventions have met a great deal of success in restoring large swaths of rural land in Tigray. Soil fertility has been significantly improved, and by extension food production capacity .

But there is one important caveat. The kinds of interventions put into place in Tigray should be continuous and sustained. They also require farming activities to be carefully planned ahead of time to make use of the fluctuating rainy season, to allow land preparation just before the start of the rainy season, and sowing at the beginning of the rainy season.

Interruption of these activities – as has happened this year due to the war – will have got in the way of farmers producing food.

And over the long term, interruption of the public-led land rehabilitation activities will lead to further loss of the productive capacity of the region.

The details of the destruction on the environmental front are still murky. But there are some indications that the scale of destruction may pose a threat to rural livelihoods long after the end of the war.

For example, interruption of farming activities on the land that was tilled regularly is certain to reduce water and nutrient mobility and conservation capacity of the soil. If this is allowed to continue it would turn fertile ground into “abandoned land”. Agricultural land abandonment is becoming a common problem globally , with serious implications for the environment including biodiversity loss and the reduction of landscape diversity.

Averting a humanitarian crisis
The World Peace Foundation has issued a series of recommendations to avert the looming famine in Tigray. These include a cessation of hostilities, unimpeded humanitarian access and freedom of movement, and freedom of communication.

But major emphasis is placed on ending active hostilities and targeting activities critical for the survival of the civilian population.

The government of Ethiopia is, therefore, obliged to provide humanitarian assistance. It should facilitate access to areas under the control of the Tigray government in accordance with international humanitarian law. This obligation also extends to the government of Eritrea, which is also a major player in the war on Tigray.

First and foremost, averting the looming famine requires a ceasefire arrangement and unconditional withdrawal of Eritrean and Amhara forces from Tigray.

And to avoid a full recurrence of one of the worst humanitarian crises of recent times at the very least an all-inclusive national dialogue with all relevant political actors needs to be initiated without further delay.

COMMENTS

RECENT WITH THUMBS$type=blogging$m=0$cate=0$sn=0$rm=0$c=4$va=0

Local News Entertainment Celebrities music Politics Ghana Africa Entertainment News World-Entertainment news Ghana music Videos Election 2020 NPP Crime Musicians Presidential Latest News In Ghana Africa News NDC Breaking News Sports Education Volta Region Breaking Africa Relationship Finance General News featured news Parliamentary GH MUSIC Video Breaking World-Sports Latest music Music Video Business Nigerian Music Nigeria World News Ewe Ghana Sports News 18+ Health www.EweGhana.Net Slay Queen Results Trending EweGhana World-Politics Government World-Business Police Ladies Advert Dancehall Shatta Wale Music and Video Football EweGhana.Net Ashanti Region Covid19 Foreign News School Biography Church Culture Accident Events Religious Press Release News In French Gospel Music International Rock Venus lifestyle Awards Election History Stonebwoy Technology showbizz Sarkodie Shows Social Food Kwabena Yeboah Soccer Akufo Addo Artiste Profile Coronavirus Porn Accra Animals Games Sex mixtape #Fixthecountry Music Lyrics NPP NEWS Media Artists Profile Kenya Nigeria Videos Bible Fashion Security Showbiz Birthday Life Others Performing Video Bloggers Job Pastor Science Akuapem Poloo Artist DJs Mixtape FM Program Germany Interview Market Multimedia Photos Tourism Corona Virus Coronavirus News Dj china ghana Gosple India Actress Ashanti Beauty Talk Fucking Khemikhals MP Speak Your Mind Movement Tema Uganda Advice Court Curvy FM Stations Gun Instrumentals Italian Music Mali Marriage Radio Station Program Togo Blakabill Festivals Journalism Life Inspiration Medikal Philohope South Africa Trending News Tv3 Actor Arsenal Burkina Faso Cameroon Central Africa Chad Dance Video Date Rush Death Destie HIPLIFE Jamaica Malaria Minister Of Health Nana Agradaa Princess Of Principle Republic Of The Congo Sierra Leone Tanzania USA West Africa Adult Banks Benin Edem Event France Hip hop Instrumental Jobs Mozambique Russia Senegal Thac Nation Trees Tunisia Weapon World-Music Afia Odo Athletes Australia British China Christians Egypt Environment GHANA NEWS HEADLINES Galamsey Gold Gold Cassy Reigns Haircut Hairstyle IGP Inspiring Our Culture Leaks Manchester United Money National Other Parties Reggae Rhino Robbers Sierra Leone Music Social news South Sudan Tokyo Upcoming Vaccine World Health Organization kuami Eugene Afri America Anoda Level Articles Bono Region Comedy Crises D Black Digital Marketing Ethiopia Film Ghana Music Lyrics Gyakie Hotel Light It Up Records Morocco Mr. Loyalty Peeshaar Dhiss Pregnancy President Joe Biden Sakabo Strongman Technician Tribes Water Yaa Pono fire outbreaks opinion AFRICA NEWS HEADLINES AirtelTtigo Ama Nova Army Art Barcelona Belgium Benin Music Berlin Bet Big Boiz Burna Boy COVID-19 Cowbell Cup Davido Destiny Etiko Dubai ECOWAS Eastern Region Ebola Efia Odo Efya El Kassy Electoral Commission Europa League Europe Finland Fraud French German Shepherd Grammy Award Guchi Hair Growth Hospital Hygiene Iran Jaman Kwabena Japan Jennifer Joe Main Johannesburg John Dumelo Kasapa Kasoa Kennedy Agyapong Kidi King Godzy Kofi Kinaata Kumasi Kumawood Kwaw Kese Ladis Lawyer Ntim Liberia Lyrics Video Malawi Mavado Maxbriyann Miami Michelle Obama Model Motivation Motorbikes Motorway MzVee NASA Nanky Nigeria Nig Nollywood Official Olympic Pakistan Paralympian Plants Port Poverty Prosecutor Queen Of Africa Ras Rex Omar Richest Rwanda Secu Shugatiti Somalia Suez Canal Sunyani Sweden Taiwan Tamale Teni Thailand The Trigger Vibes Tokyo Olympic Games Train Tubrizzy Turkey UK UN United States Vacc Vybz Kartel WHO Youth Zambia Zimbabwe beaches Akrobeto Akwaboah Album Amerado Anthony B Ay Poyoo Banger Alert Bisa Kdei Body Builders Boxer Brazil Bus Cannot Lose Carboni Central Region Culture Festivals Divorce Dj Profile Doctor Drip Yesu EP Eastern Region Ebony Enam – Talk To Your Boyfriend (Feat Sister Deborah X T’neeya) England Eno Be Muf Faction Designs Fameye Fancy Gadam Fava Gee Gallaxy Gospel Hair Style Hajia Bintu Ike Millions Italy Jokes Kahpun Kanye West Kelvynboy Ken Rhapz King Promise Kofi mole Kwame Yogot Kwesi Arthur Larruso Legon Libyan Living Dove Chapel Love Massage Mharidiva Northern Region Nurse Okyeame Kwame Old News Pappy Kojo Penis Ph Media Africa Portugal Prison Products Prostitute Rape Ras Kuuku Rastafarian Reggie Rockstone Rema Rent Romania Samini Selena Gomez Selina Boateng Shoprite Show Sista Afia Sister Derby Snakes Stonedeegh Sudan Table Tennis Tattoo ThanksGiving Tommy Lee Spartan Tony West Top 50 Best Indian Film Actresses VehementlyBwoy Wizkid Yvonne Nelson ent l officials series
Name

#Fixthecountry,17,18+,69,Accident,33,Accra,19,Actor,6,Actress,9,Adult,5,Advert,50,Advice,8,Afia Odo,4,Afri,3,Africa,547,Africa News,193,AFRICA NEWS HEADLINES,2,AirtelTtigo,2,Akrobeto,1,Akuapem Poloo,11,Akufo Addo,21,Akwaboah,1,Album,1,Ama Nova,2,Amerado,1,America,3,Animals,18,Anoda Level,3,Anthony B,1,Army,2,Arsenal,6,Art,2,Articles,3,Artist,11,Artiste Profile,21,Artists Profile,15,Ashanti,9,Ashanti Region,40,Athletes,4,Australia,4,Awards,27,Ay Poyoo,1,Banger Alert,1,Banks,5,Barcelona,2,beaches,2,Beauty Talk,9,Belgium,2,Benin,5,Benin Music,2,Berlin,2,Bet,2,Bible,14,Big Boiz,2,Biography,34,Birthday,13,Bisa Kdei,1,Blakabill,7,Bloggers,12,Body Builders,1,Bono Region,3,Boxer,1,Brazil,1,Breaking,101,Breaking Africa,127,Breaking News,159,British,4,Burkina Faso,6,Burna Boy,2,Bus,1,Business,85,Cameroon,6,Cannot Lose,1,Carboni,1,Celebrities,911,Central Africa,6,Central Region,1,Chad,6,China,4,Christians,4,Church,34,Comedy,3,Corona Virus,10,Coronavirus,21,Coronavirus News,10,Court,8,COVID-19,2,Covid19,39,Cowbell,2,Crime,239,Crises,3,Culture,34,Culture Festivals,1,Cup,2,Curvy,8,D Black,3,Dance Video,6,Dancehall,50,Date Rush,6,Davido,2,Death,6,Destie,6,Destiny Etiko,2,Digital Marketing,3,Divorce,1,Dj china ghana,10,Dj Profile,1,DJs Mixtape,11,Doctor,1,Drip Yesu,1,Dubai,2,Eastern Region,1,Eastern Region,2,Ebola,2,Ebony,1,ECOWAS,2,Edem,5,Education,132,Efia Odo,2,Efya,2,Egypt,4,El Kassy,2,Election,27,Election 2020,270,Electoral Commission,2,Enam – Talk To Your Boyfriend (Feat Sister Deborah X T’neeya),1,England,1,Eno Be Muf,1,ent,1,Entertainment,1073,Entertainment News,523,Environment,4,EP,1,Ethiopia,3,Europa League,2,Europe,2,Event,5,Events,33,Ewe Ghana,72,EweGhana,60,EweGhana.Net,42,Faction Designs,1,Fameye,1,Fancy Gadam,1,Fashion,14,Fava Gee,1,featured news,115,Festivals,7,Film,3,Finance,119,Finland,2,fire outbreaks,3,FM Program,11,FM Stations,8,Food,23,Football,46,Foreign News,39,France,5,Fraud,2,French,2,Fucking,9,Galamsey,4,Gallaxy,1,Games,18,General News,115,German Shepherd,2,Germany,11,GH MUSIC,106,Ghana,611,Ghana music,414,Ghana Music Lyrics,3,GHANA NEWS HEADLINES,4,Gold,4,Gold Cassy Reigns,4,Gospel,1,Gospel Music,29,Gosple,10,Government,56,Grammy Award,2,Guchi,2,Gun,8,Gyakie,3,Hair Growth,2,Hair Style,1,Haircut,4,Hairstyle,4,Hajia Bintu,1,Health,69,Hip hop,5,HIPLIFE,6,History,26,Hospital,2,Hotel,3,Hygiene,2,IGP,4,Ike Millions,1,India,10,Inspiring Our Culture,4,Instrumental,5,Instrumentals,8,International,29,Interview,11,Iran,2,Italian Music,8,Italy,1,Jamaica,6,Jaman Kwabena,2,Japan,2,Jennifer,2,Job,12,Jobs,5,Joe Main,2,Johannesburg,2,John Dumelo,2,Jokes,1,Journalism,7,Kahpun,1,Kanye West,1,Kasapa,2,Kasoa,2,Kelvynboy,1,Ken Rhapz,1,Kennedy Agyapong,2,Kenya,15,Khemikhals,9,Kidi,2,King Godzy,2,King Promise,1,Kofi Kinaata,2,Kofi mole,1,kuami Eugene,4,Kumasi,2,Kumawood,2,Kwabena Yeboah,23,Kwame Yogot,1,Kwaw Kese,2,Kwesi Arthur,1,l,1,Ladies,51,Ladis,2,Larruso,1,Latest music,88,Latest News In Ghana,200,Lawyer Ntim,2,Leaks,4,Legon,1,Liberia,2,Libyan,1,Life,13,Life Inspiration,7,lifestyle,29,Light It Up Records,3,Living Dove Chapel,1,Local News,1299,Love,1,Lyrics Video,2,Malaria,6,Malawi,2,Mali,8,Manchester United,4,Market,11,Marriage,8,Massage,1,Mavado,2,Maxbriyann,2,Media,16,Medikal,7,Mharidiva,1,Miami,2,Michelle Obama,2,Minister Of Health,6,mixtape,18,Model,2,Money,4,Morocco,3,Motivation,2,Motorbikes,2,Motorway,2,Mozambique,5,MP,9,Mr. Loyalty,3,Multimedia,11,music,906,Music and Video,47,Music Lyrics,17,Music Video,88,Musicians,219,MzVee,2,Nana Agradaa,6,Nanky,2,NASA,2,National,4,NDC,167,news,419,News In French,31,Nigeria,76,Nigeria Nig,2,Nigeria Videos,15,Nigerian Music,83,Nollywood,2,Northern Region,1,NPP,256,NPP NEWS,17,Nurse,1,Official,2,officials,1,Okyeame Kwame,1,Old News,1,Olympic,2,opinion,3,Other Parties,4,Others,13,Pakistan,2,Pappy Kojo,1,Paralympian,2,Parliamentary,107,Pastor,12,Peeshaar Dhiss,3,Penis,1,Performing Video,13,Ph Media Africa,1,Philohope,7,Photos,11,Plants,2,Police,52,Politics,740,Porn,20,Port,2,Portugal,1,Poverty,2,Pregnancy,3,President Joe Biden,3,Presidential,217,Press Release,32,Princess Of Principle,6,Prison,1,Products,1,Prosecutor,2,Prostitute,1,Queen Of Africa,2,Radio Station Program,8,Rape,1,Ras,2,Ras Kuuku,1,Rastafarian,1,Reggae,4,Reggie Rockstone,1,Relationship,121,Religious,33,Rema,1,Rent,1,Republic Of The Congo,6,Results,62,Rex Omar,2,Rhino,4,Richest,2,Robbers,4,Rock Venus,29,Romania,1,Russia,5,Rwanda,2,Sakabo,3,Samini,1,Sarkodie,24,School,36,Science,12,Secu,2,Security,14,Selena Gomez,1,Selina Boateng,1,Senegal,5,series,1,Sex,18,Shatta Wale,49,Shoprite,1,Show,1,Showbiz,14,showbizz,25,Shows,24,Shugatiti,2,Sierra Leone,6,Sierra Leone Music,4,Sista Afia,1,Sister Derby,1,Slay Queen,65,Snakes,1,Soccer,23,Social,24,Social news,4,Somalia,2,South Africa,7,South Sudan,4,Speak Your Mind Movement,9,Sports,145,Sports News,70,Stonebwoy,25,Stonedeegh,1,Strongman,3,Sudan,1,Suez Canal,2,Sunyani,2,Sweden,2,Table Tennis,1,Taiwan,2,Tamale,2,Tanzania,6,Tattoo,1,Technician,3,Technology,25,Tema,9,Teni,2,Thac Nation,5,Thailand,2,ThanksGiving,1,The Trigger Vibes,2,Togo,8,Tokyo,4,Tokyo Olympic Games,2,Tommy Lee Spartan,1,Tony West,1,Top 50 Best Indian Film Actresses,1,Tourism,11,Train,2,Trees,5,Trending,61,Trending News,7,Tribes,3,Tubrizzy,2,Tunisia,5,Turkey,2,Tv3,7,Uganda,9,UK,2,UN,2,United States,2,Upcoming,4,USA,6,Vacc,2,Vaccine,4,VehementlyBwoy,1,Video,105,Videos,377,Volta Region,129,Vybz Kartel,2,Water,3,Weapon,5,West Africa,6,WHO,2,Wizkid,1,World Health Organization,4,World News,76,World-Business,54,World-Entertainment,479,World-Music,5,World-Politics,57,World-Sports,98,www.EweGhana.Net,66,Yaa Pono,3,Youth,2,Yvonne Nelson,1,Zambia,2,Zimbabwe,2,
ltr
item
EweGhana.Net Inspiring Our Culture: The war in Tigray: the makings of a man-made famine, and what can be done ( www.EweGhana.Net )
The war in Tigray: the makings of a man-made famine, and what can be done ( www.EweGhana.Net )
https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-X2x2Ryxj5A4/YQ1BnExMYLI/AAAAAAAA5C4/FeGXn2IsH9g-US36lD3fIQDSYgXELRVUwCNcBGAsYHQ/s1600/86202124646-0eu2xljwwr-file-20210805-25-denfdi.jpg
https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-X2x2Ryxj5A4/YQ1BnExMYLI/AAAAAAAA5C4/FeGXn2IsH9g-US36lD3fIQDSYgXELRVUwCNcBGAsYHQ/s72-c/86202124646-0eu2xljwwr-file-20210805-25-denfdi.jpg
EweGhana.Net Inspiring Our Culture
https://www.eweghana.net/2021/08/the-war-in-tigray-makings-of-man-made.html
https://www.eweghana.net/
https://www.eweghana.net/
https://www.eweghana.net/2021/08/the-war-in-tigray-makings-of-man-made.html
true
3390848294410594855
UTF-8
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS PREMIUM CONTENT IS LOCKED STEP 1: Share to a social network STEP 2: Click the link on your social network Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy Table of Content